Ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA)
The ecosystems in high mountainous regions of Central Asia are characterized by a great biodiversity. They provide essential services and benefits such as clean water, forest products or maintenance of soil fertility. However, the high sensitivity of the ecosystems in combination with inappropriate land management practices result in a high vulnerability to climate change and related consequences such as melting glaciers or temperature fluctuations.
Ecosystem-based adaptation aims to promote the sustainable use of natural resources to enhance the livelihood of the population depending on those resources. This can be done through a set of measures addressing the degradation of ecosystems and thereby reducing their vulnerability to climate change. A pilot project is located in Bartang Valley, where regionally specific and tested experiences can be gained. These will later be translated into an overall adaption strategy. Supporting the programs of international development partners and finance institutions such as the World Bank, EbA can be a key element of national policies as well as the international climate debate.
Pilot ProjectFor a pilot project research was conducted in two small villages in Bartang Valley. Important ecosystem services as well as existing or expected problems were identified. In collaboration with local communities and stakeholders, adaption measures concerning forestry, pasture and water management were developed and shall be implemented.